Acne is a skin condition that affects the appearance of your face. It can be prevented, and acne care products are readily available. You should have an understanding of what causes it before you go looking for treatment options.,
Acne is a skin condition that affects the face, neck, chest, and back. It can be caused by bacteria or hormones. The “types of acne treatment” are treatments for acne that are used to remove the bacteria and reduce inflammation.
Understanding the various varieties of acne will help you figure out what you can do to truly get rid of it, whether you’re struggling with persistent blackheads or a cystic eruption.
“While most acne-prone people will benefit from over-the-counter (OTC) treatments like benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid cleansers and retinoids,” Marisa Garshick, M.D., assistant clinical professor of dermatology at Cornell-New York Presbyterian Medical Center, tells SELF, “the type and severity of your acne may influence whether other treatment options should be included in your regimen.”
Although you may refer to every lump as a pimple, acne vulgaris, often known as common acne, extends beyond the eruptions that plagued your adolescent years. Dr. Garshick explains, “It’s the medical word used to define kinds of acne including blackheads, whiteheads, and other blemishes on the skin.” “The most prevalent sites where acne vulgaris occurs are your face, chest, shoulders, and back.”
Learning about the many types of bumps that might appear on your skin will help you make an informed decision about which acne treatments to utilize (or may inspire you to finally book an appointment with a board-certified dermatologist). SELF enlisted the help of skin specialists to decipher the jargon when it comes to acne.
What are the many kinds of acne?
“Non-inflammatory acne and inflammatory acne are often classified by dermatologists,” Dr. Garshick notes. The degree of blemishes is used to identify the best course of treatment.
Mild acne, according to Dr. Garshick, consists mostly of Blackheads and whiteheads, with a few papules and pustules thrown in for good measure. Multiple papules and pustules covering less than half of your face are considered moderate acne; moderately severe acne means you have numerous papules and pustules covering more than half of your face, with occasionally inflamed nodules; and severe acne means you have numerous large, painful, and inflamed pustules, nodules, or cysts affecting the majority of your face.
Here’s how to figure out what kind of acne you have—and how bad it is—so you can find the best treatment choices for your skin.
Blackheads and whiteheads
What causes them to happen: According to the American Academy of Dermatology, comedones are a fancy name for a pore or hair follicle that has been plugged with oil, germs, or dead skin cells (AAD). Blackheads and whiteheads may appear everywhere on your body, but blackheads are more prevalent in locations where there are more sebaceous glands (oil producers! ), such as your nose and chin.
What they look like and how they feel: Whiteheads are little, flesh-colored pimples, according to Dr. Garshick. Closed comedones are so named because a thin layer of skin cells covers all of the dirt within the pore (hence the whitish, fleshy color). Open comedones, on the other hand, are blackheads. Dr. Garshick says that when the imprisoned fluids are exposed to air, they oxidize and become black. Regardless of your skin tone, neither form of breakout causes a lot of irritation, and they usually don’t hurt. Although both may leave the skin feeling rough or lumpy, blackheads are flatter than whiteheads.
Frequently Asked Questions
What are the 6 types of acne?
What are the 5 causes of acne?
A: There are many causes of acne, but the most common ones include hormonal changes and oily skin. Hormonal changes can be caused by a change in diet, stress levels or even puberty itself. Oily skin is often related to hormones as well because of how they interact with the oil glands inside your body that produce sebum (a natural substance that helps keep oils under control).
But these are just two things out of dozens!
How do you treat different types of acne?
A: Acne is caused by a combination of factors, such as an increase in oil production and inflammation. It can be treated with topical medications, oral antibiotics, or even surgery if the acne becomes severe enough.
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