Acne: causes, symptoms & all about it

Acne is a skin condition that causes pimples, blackheads, redness, and inflammation. There are many different types of acne. They can be caused by hormones, bacteria, or clogged pores.

It is a skin condition characterized by the inflammation of sebaceous glands. It can be caused by genetics, hormones, or bacteria. The most common treatment includes antibiotics and topical medications that are applied directly to the area affected. A new study has shown that oral antibiotic use may lead to greater risk of heart attack or stroke in patients with moderate-to-severe ones compared with no treatment at all.


It is a skin disorder that arises when oil and dead skin cells clog your hair follicles. It produces pimples, whiteheads, and blackheads. Teenagers are the most affected by it, yet it affects individuals of all ages.

Although there are effective treatments available, it may be stubborn. The pimples and bumps take a long time to cure, and as one starts to fade, another appear.

It may cause mental anguish as well as skin scarring, depending on its severity. The sooner you begin therapy, the lesser your chances of developing such issues.


A common skin condition!

It is a common skin condition which impacts majority of human population. It develops when oil and dead skin cells clog and restrict the openings of hair follicles. A pimple is a tiny red lump with pus at its tip that occurs when a blocked pore gets infected with germs.

Acne cysts

When oil and dead skin cells pile up deep inside hair follicles, cysts develops, which is the most severe type. A boil-like irritation may emerge as a consequence of the skin tear.

The following are the symptoms that vary based on the severity of your condition:

  • Whiteheads are a kind of blemish that (closed plugged pores)
  • Blackheads (open plugged pores)
  • Tender, little red lumps (papules)
  • Pimples (pustules) are papules that have pus at the tip of them.
  • Under the skin, there are large, firm, painful lumps (nodules)
  • Underneath the epidermis, there are painful, pus-filled tumors (cystic lesions)

Acne affects the face, forehead, chest, upper back, and shoulders most often.

When should you visit a doctor?

Consult your primary care physician if self-care measures fail to clear it up. He or she may be able to prescribe more powerful drugs. If it still continues or becomes severe, you should seek medical attention from a dermatologist (dermatologist or pediatric dermatologist).

It may last a lifetime for many women, with flare-ups prevalent a week before menstruation. In women who take contraceptives, this form of acne usually goes away without therapy.

A sudden emergence of severe acne in elderly persons may indicate an underlying condition that requires medical treatment.

Some popular nonprescription treatments, cleansers, and other skin products, according to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), might trigger a significant response. This is a very unusual response, so don’t mix it with redness, irritation, or itching in locations where you’ve applied drugs or treatments.

If you suffer any of the following symptoms after using a skin product, get immediate medical attention.

  • Faintness
  • Breathing problems
  • Eyes, face, lips, or tongue swelling
  • Throat constrictions


How acne develops

What Causes Acne?

Sebum, an oily fluid that lubricates your hair and skin, and dead skin cells clog hair follicles, causing acne. Bacteria may cause it to become more severe by causing inflammation and infection.

acne causes

Four basic factors are:

  • Excess sebum (oil) production
  • Oil and dead skin cells block hair follicles
  • Bacteria
  • Inflammation

Because these regions of skin contain the greatest number of oil (sebaceous) glands, acne usually occurs on the face, forehead, chest, upper back, and shoulders. Oil glands are associated to hair follicles.

A whitehead may form when the follicular wall bulges. Alternatively, the plug might be exposed to the surface and darken, resulting in a blackhead. A blackhead may seem to be dirt trapped in the pores. The hole, however, is clogged with bacteria and oil, which becomes dark when exposed to air.

When blocked hair follicles become irritated or infected with germs, pimples appear as elevated red patches with a white core. Blockages and inflammation deep inside the hair follicles cause cystlike lumps to form under the skin’s surface. Other pores in your skin, such as sweat gland openings, are normally unaffected by acne.

It may be triggered or worsened by a variety of factors, including:

  • Hormonal shifts- Androgens are hormones that induce the sebaceous glands to expand and produce more sebum in both males and girls throughout puberty. Hormone fluctuations, especially in women, may cause breakouts in their forties and fifties.
  • Medications in particular- Drugs containing corticosteroids, testosterone, or lithium are examples.
  • Diet- According to studies, eating certain meals, such as carbohydrate-rich foods like bread, bagels, and chips, might aggravate acne. More research is required to see whether adhering to certain dietary limitations might help those with acne.
  • Stress- Stress does not cause, but it might aggravate it if you already have it.


Acne is unaffected by these factors:

  • Chocolate and fatty cuisine are two of my favorite foods- It is not worse by eating chocolate or oily foods.
  • Hygiene- It isn’t caused by clogged pores. Scrubbing the skin too hard or washing with strong soaps or chemicals, on the other hand, irritates the skin and may aggravate it.
  • Cosmetics- Cosmetics don’t always make acne worse, particularly if you use oil-free, noncomedogenic makeup and remove it on a regular basis. Cosmetics like Non-oily don’t interfere with the efficacy of medications either.


Acne problems are more common in persons with darker skin types than in those with lighter skin types:

  • Scars- After acne has cured, pitted skin ( scars) and thick scars (keloids) may last a long time.
  • The appearance of the skin changes- After acne has healed, the afflicted skin may seem darker (hyperpigmented) or lighter (hypopigmented) than it was before.

Factors that are at risk

  • Age. Acne may affect people of all ages, although it is most frequent among teens.
  • Hormonal shifts During puberty or pregnancy, such alterations are frequent.
  • History of the family. Acne is influenced by genetics. You’re more likely to have acne if both of your parents had it.
  • Substances that are greasy or oily. When your skin comes into touch with oil or greasy lotions and creams, acne may form.
  • Your skin is subjected to friction or pressure. Phones, smartphones, helmets, tight collars, and backpacks may all contribute to this.

Acne is caused by many factors, but the most common cause is clogged pores. It can also be caused by hormonal changes, stress, and poor diet. Reference: what causes acne.

Frequently Asked Questions

How can I clear up my acne?

A: The best way to clear up your acne is by washing with soap and water, taking a hot shower or bath, using face masks for at least 10 minutes twice per day. If you are looking for something more extreme than this then there are many other methods that people have found to be effective.,

What are the 4 types of acne?

A: Cysts, comedones, papules and pustules.

Will acne go away?

A: Acne is a term that refers to the comedones (whiteheads and blackheads) on your face, but it can also refer to other types of skin blemishes. The answer depends on what you mean by go away. Some people have acne-prone skin which means they will get spots from time to time, while others may never have them at all.

Related Tags

  • treatment
  • acne studio
  • scars
  • acne pictures
  • medical conditions