Bruises are areas of discolored skin that are caused by a hard bump that rupture the blood vessels below. Medical experts call them contusions. I bruise exceptionally easily and, because I have a fair skin, those large purple spots look absolutely hideous. Both my teenage children have the same problem, my daughter because her skin is as fair and sensitive as mine, and my son because he has become an enthusiastic weightlifter. We struggled for almost two years to find out how to get rid of bruises, such as a cream that mends and even prevents them, and we have discovered a great solution.
What Causes Bruises?
Bruises occur when a hard blow breaks the blood vessels deep in your skin, resulting in the blood leaking out of them towards your skin’s surface. The red or purple marks that you see are trapped blood. A bruise takes a few hours to show and darkens during the first few days while the blood is leaching out of the broken vessels. As the trapped red blood cells degrade and die, they change color, which explains why the bruise changes color as it goes along.
If your skin is broken too, the blood escapes instead of collecting in your tissue. This is why open, bleeding wounds do not normally form bruises.
With time, your body heals the broken blood vessels and removes the blood cells from your tissue. Bruises can result from several events:
- The most common cause is a bump against an object that is not sharp enough to break your skin.
- People with blood diseases that thin the blood or prevent it from clotting are more likely to suffer bruises than those whose blood is healthy. If you take a blood thinner like aspirin, you may fall in this group.
- Internal bleeding, such as that which often occur during cancer, can force blood towards your skin, causing those same purple spots.
- Weight lifters do not only suffer microscopic tears in their muscles, but also in the blood vessels situated around their muscles and in their skins.
- Women bruise more easily than men because they have a thicker layer of subcutaneous fat. This is the innermost layer of your skin. The thicker this layer, the more blood vessels are present to feed it.
- Skin that presses directly against underlying bone, like that on your cheekbones and forehead, bruises easily because the blood vessels are crushed between the object against which you bump and the hard bone below.
- Soft tissue, like that on your face, bruises more easily than hard tissue, like that on your forearms, because it is more likely for blood to spread through the tissue if it is soft and poses little resistance.
- People who skins are thin, like children and the elderly, bruise more easily than those with thicker skins. This is partly because thick skins are denser and harder for blood to penetrate, and partly because thick skin protects the blood vessels deep down from being ruptured. Corticosteroids prescribed for asthma and allergies, whether taken orally or as a cream, have a skin thinning effect.
- Bruises are more visible on light than on dark skins.
How to Get Rid of Bruises: Treatments
There are several things you can do to interrupt and hinder the formation of a bruise or to help your body heal it if it has already formed.
- Elevate the limb that has been struck immediately after the bump, and keep it elevated as much as possible for the first 48 hours. This restricts blood flow to the area because your heart has to pump against gravity. It simultaneously causes some of the blood in the torn blood vessels to flow towards your heart to be removed from the area. This limits the amount of blood that seeps into surrounding tissue.
- Apply an ice pack or bag of frozen vegetables to the area that has been struck. This prevents much of the internal bleeding because it thickens your blood and narrows your blood vessels. Do not apply the ice directly to your skin. Wrap it in a towel. Do this for a few minutes several times a day for the first two days.
- If you need a pain killer, use acetaminophen (which most of the world outside North America calls paracetamol). This can limit the swelling and inflammation in damaged skin tissue and can reduce the pain. Avoid Non-steroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs) like aspirin and ibuprofen, as they thin your blood and prevent it from clotting, which will prolong the bleeding.
- Avoid alcoholic drinks and blood thinners for the first two days, because they promote bleeding from the damaged blood vessels. These include aspirin, a fish oil supplement or oily fish (salmon, tuna, and mackerel), ginger, garlic, onion, cayenne pepper, vitamin E (Almonds, hazelnuts, sesame seeds, and sunflower oil), and ginkgo biloba.
- Rest the limb for the first 48 hours. Exercise causes blood flow to the area, which is something you want to avoid.
- From the third day, you can wrap a warm facecloth around the bruise a few times a day to promote blood flow to the area. This will accelerate your skin’s absorption of the blood. This is also why you should avoid hot baths or showers during the first two days, as that is the time when you want to stop the bleeding, not promote it.
- Start gently exercising the limb from buy viagra day three to promote blood flow to the area to help disperse the pooled blood.
- Deficiencies of vitamins B12, C, and K, as well as of folic acid can hamper blood clotting and can, therefore, make bruising more likely. Don’t stack your diet with them, but ensure that you consume some of them. Vitamin B12 is present in beef and chicken liver, shellfish, mackerel, salmon, tuna, and many fortified cereals and soya products like tofu. Vitamin C is abundant in green and yellow peppers, kale, turnip greens, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, kiwifruit, guavas, berries, and citrus fruit. Vitamin K appears in spinach, kale, mustard greens, basil, coriander, sage, thyme, watercress, endive, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, cabbage, curry, and chili powder. You can find folic acid in edamame, broccoli, artichoke, spinach, okra, asparagus, turnip greens, potato with skin, avocado, and papaya.
- Eat a balanced diet with green vegetables, orange and yellow vegetables, fruit of all colors, legumes (pulses), whole grains, nuts, seeds, and fat free animal products. A diet that contains the full range of vitamins and minerals renders the best blood consistency: watery enough to prevent dangerous clotting, and glutinous enough to prevent dangerous fluidity.
- You must receive a few minutes of direct sunlight on your skin every day, as sunlight is your body’s main source of vitamin D. But the sun’s ultraviolet rays do destroy the connective tissue in the middle layer of your skin. This is the tissue that gives it its strength, density, and thickness. More than ten minutes of daily sunlight increases the likelihood that a bump will break the blood vessels that lie below this eroded connective tissue, and makes it easier for the blood to spread through your skin.
- While many people phentermine 37.5 mg for sale believe that witch hazel can shrink blood vessels and thereby treat hemorrhoids, varicose veins, spider veins, and limit the bleeding that gives rise to bruises, the scientific evidence is completely lacking. It has no side effects, so you can try it if you like, but be prepared to waste your money.
- Arnica is another substance that many in the homeopathic community believe can heal swelling and bruising, but some academic studies show that it is no more effective than other non-healing creams or placebos,
- While others show it is only minimally effective. It is a good anti-inflammatory, though, so it may work if you have a bruise that is seriously swollen, hot to the touch, and inflamed.
- Many websites suggest that you mix vinegar with warm water and apply it to the bruise. This may help it heal, but only if you apply it from the third day onwards. There are some tentative studies that show that vinegar increases blood flow, which may help the bruise to heal faster once it has already formed.
- Bromelain, a digestive enzyme found in pineapple, is a reasonably good anti-inflammatory that has been shown to help with the healing of soft tissue injuries and swelling after surgery. The studies were conducted with topical dromelain creams, however, so eating pineapple will probably not help.
- Allspice, basil, bay leaves, black pepper, licorice, nutmeg, oregano, sage ,and thyme have all been shown to have anti-inflammatory effects,
- But they are probably not so strong that they will heal a wound if you suddenly start taking them after injuring yourself. The best approach is to include these herbs and spices in your food all of the time to combat all current and future inflammatory conditions.
The Best Anti-Bruise Cream
Revitol makes an eye cream that my son accidentally discovered can accelerate the healing of and even prevent bruises. He loves resistance training in the gym, and often develops bruises on his upper arms and thighs because of the microscopic tears in his skin when he works out too hard. Because we always have so much of it around the house to control wrinkles and dark circles under my eyes, he thought he could nick some to rub on his bruised skin. When this male teenage weightlifter asked me to buy him some eye cream, I realized quickly where my cream was going, and he admitted using it to get rid of bruises from hard exercise.
He still uses it for his bruises, and as a bonus no longer bruises as easily in the spots he’s treated with it. I use it mainly on my thighs, because that is where I bruise the easiest. We buy three of the tubs at a time for $119, as Revitol then gives us one tub for free. If you buy fewer than that, you still qualify for discounts.
I have since researched the ingredients to ascertain why it works so well. The ingredients have a huge amount of scientific research behind them that shows how the address the injuries that give rise to bruises.
Here is a sample of some of them:
- Sodium Hyaluronate, which some people call hyaluronic acid, increases your skin’s production of collagen, the connective tissue that keeps it thick, dense, and strong.
- Bisabolol, a substance extracted from chamomile, is a good anti-inflammatory to help control the swelling. When researchers mixed it with sodium hyaluronate and gave it to women between 36 and 65, they discovered that it improved their skins by up to 28 percent. It especially improved their wrinkles. Wrinkles occur when collagen and the other connective tissue below your skin’s surface tears after having been weakened and thinned by age or sun damage. Anti-wrinkle creams work by building collagen to fill in the existing lines and to make your skin resistant to further tearing.
- Ascorbic acid, or vitamin C, is one of the best collagen builders and has accordingly been found to reduce wrinkles and thicken eroded old or damaged skin.
- Tocopheryl acetate, or vitamin E, is a superb antioxidant. Much of the damage that erode your skin is caused by an excess of oxygen and by free radical cells. Tocopheryl acetate protects your skin from substances and cells with oxidation potential.
- It also counters the damage caused by the sun’s UV rays. As a result, your skin can stay thick and strong and bruise resistant.
- Panthenol, or Vitamin B5, triggers the building of new skin cells and strong connective tissue and has accordingly been shown to speed up the healing of wounds.
- Silica is an impressive collagen builder. Studies show that the skin and bones of both animals and humans weakened and thinned considerably if they consume too little silica.
- Researchers have found that it can improve wrinkles by around 30 percent and skin elasticity by 55 percent just by building up their collagen. Strong, dense skin does not bruise easily because the large blood vessels below them are sufficiently well protected.
- Caprylic/capric triglyceride is derived from coconut oil. It has a sun protection factor of around eight and can therefore protect your skin from sun damage if you walk around outside during the day. This prevents the sun from eroding your skin.
- Dimethicone and glycerine build up your skin by helping new skin cells form.
With all these modafinil side effects collagen builders to thicken and strengthen your skin, the antioxidants that prevent it from being broken down, the sunscreens that protect it from erosion, and the anti-inflammatories that control swelling, you can see why it works so well to prevent bruises and to help them heal when they form. Thick, dense skin can protect your blood vessels from being damaged by strikes and, if you have already been struck, it can help heal the bruise by forming new skin cells to crowd out the blood in your skin.
How to Prevent Bruises
While it may seem too obvious to write down, the best way to deal with bruises is to prevent them altogether, especially if you bruise easily. For example, move your furniture out of high traffic areas, use only slip resistant rugs, use a flashlight when going to the bathroom during the night, and wear protective pads when playing sports.
Repeated bruising in the same area can be serious and can weaken the blood vessels that keep on tearing. Furthermore, if blood gets trapped repeatedly in the same tissue, the iron it contains can leave permanent yellow-brown marks. That is why it is a good idea to apply a skin builder like Revitol’s eye cream to areas where you bruise easily.
If a bruise does not clear up within three weeks, if it spreads further than 3 inches (7.6 centimeters), if bruises occur for no reason at all, or if the swelling and pain are extreme, you must visit a doctor rather than treat it at home. For all other cases, you can safely follow the tips in this article. They have certainly worked for my family.